TABLE OF CONTENTS

NAME

Minion - Job queue

SYNOPSIS

use Minion;

# Connect to backend
my $minion = Minion->new(Pg => 'postgresql://postgres@/test');

# Add tasks
$minion->add_task(something_slow => sub {
  my ($job, @args) = @_;
  sleep 5;
  say 'This is a background worker process.';
});

# Enqueue jobs
$minion->enqueue(something_slow => ['foo', 'bar']);
$minion->enqueue(something_slow => [1, 2, 3] => {priority => 5});

# Perform jobs for testing
$minion->enqueue(something_slow => ['foo', 'bar']);
$minion->perform_jobs;

# Build more sophisticated workers
my $worker = $minion->repair->worker;
while (int rand 2) {
  if (my $job = $worker->register->dequeue(5)) { $job->perform }
}
$worker->unregister;

DESCRIPTION

Minion is a job queue for the Mojolicious real-time web framework with support for multiple named queues, priorities, delayed jobs, job results, retries with backoff, distributed workers, parallel processing and multiple backends (such as PostgreSQL).

A job queue allows you to process time and/or computationally intensive tasks in background processes, outside of the request/response lifecycle. Among those tasks you'll commonly find image resizing, spam filtering, HTTP downloads, building tarballs, warming caches and basically everything else you can imagine that's not super fast.

use Mojolicious::Lite;

plugin Minion => {Pg => 'postgresql://sri:s3cret@localhost/test'};

# Slow task
app->minion->add_task(poke_mojo => sub {
  my $job = shift;
  $job->app->ua->get('mojolicious.org');
  $job->app->log->debug('We have poked mojolicious.org for a visitor');
});

# Perform job in a background worker process
get '/' => sub {
  my $c = shift;
  $c->minion->enqueue('poke_mojo');
  $c->render(text => 'We will poke mojolicious.org for you soon.');
};

app->start;

Background worker processes are usually started with the command Minion::Command::minion::worker, which becomes automatically available when an application loads the plugin Mojolicious::Plugin::Minion.

$ ./myapp.pl minion worker

Jobs can be managed right from the command line with Minion::Command::minion::job.

$ ./myapp.pl minion job

Every job can fail or succeed, but not get lost, the system is eventually consistent and will preserve job results for as long as you like, depending on "remove_after". While individual workers can fail in the middle of processing a job, the system will detect this and ensure that no job is left in an uncertain state, depending on "missing_after".

GROWING

And as your application grows, you can move tasks into application specific plugins.

package MyApp::Task::PokeMojo;
use Mojo::Base 'Mojolicious::Plugin';

sub register {
  my ($self, $app) = @_;
  $app->minion->add_task(poke_mojo => sub {
    my $job = shift;
    $job->app->ua->get('mojolicious.org');
    $job->app->log->debug('We have poked mojolicious.org for a visitor');
  });
}

1;

Which are loaded like any other plugin from your application.

# Mojolicious
$app->plugin('MyApp::Task::PokeMojo');

# Mojolicious::Lite
plugin 'MyApp::Task::PokeMojo';

EVENTS

Minion inherits all events from Mojo::EventEmitter and can emit the following new ones.

worker

$minion->on(worker => sub {
  my ($minion, $worker) = @_;
  ...
});

Emitted in the worker process after it has been created.

$minion->on(worker => sub {
  my ($minion, $worker) = @_;
  my $id = $worker->id;
  say "Worker $$:$id started.";
});

ATTRIBUTES

Minion implements the following attributes.

app

my $app = $minion->app;
$minion = $minion->app(MyApp->new);

Application for job queue, defaults to a Mojo::HelloWorld object.

backend

my $backend = $minion->backend;
$minion     = $minion->backend(Minion::Backend::Pg->new);

Backend, usually a Minion::Backend::Pg object.

backoff

my $cb  = $minion->backoff;
$minion = $minion->backoff(sub {...});

A callback used to calculate the delay for automatically retried jobs, defaults to (retries ** 4) + 15 (15, 16, 31, 96, 271, 640...), which means that roughly 25 attempts can be made in 21 days.

$minion->backoff(sub {
  my $retries = shift;
  return ($retries ** 4) + 15 + int(rand 30);
});

missing_after

my $after = $minion->missing_after;
$minion   = $minion->missing_after(172800);

Amount of time in seconds after which workers without a heartbeat will be considered missing and removed from the registry by "repair", defaults to 86400 (1 day).

remove_after

my $after = $minion->remove_after;
$minion   = $minion->remove_after(86400);

Amount of time in seconds after which jobs that have reached the state finished will be removed automatically by "repair", defaults to 864000 (10 days).

tasks

my $tasks = $minion->tasks;
$minion   = $minion->tasks({foo => sub {...}});

Registered tasks.

METHODS

Minion inherits all methods from Mojo::EventEmitter and implements the following new ones.

add_task

$minion = $minion->add_task(foo => sub {...});

Register a task.

# Job with result
$minion->add_task(add => sub {
  my ($job, $first, $second) = @_;
  $job->finish($first + $second);
});
my $id = $minion->enqueue(add => [1, 1]);
my $result = $minion->job($id)->info->{result};

enqueue

my $id = $minion->enqueue('foo');
my $id = $minion->enqueue(foo => [@args]);
my $id = $minion->enqueue(foo => [@args] => {priority => 1});

Enqueue a new job with inactive state. Arguments get serialized by the "backend" (often with Mojo::JSON), so you shouldn't send objects and be careful with binary data, nested data structures with hash and array references are fine though.

These options are currently available:

attempts
attempts => 25

Number of times performing this job will be attempted, with a delay based on "backoff" after the first attempt, defaults to 1.

delay
delay => 10

Delay job for this many seconds (from now).

priority
priority => 5

Job priority, defaults to 0.

queue
queue => 'important'

Queue to put job in, defaults to default.

job

my $job = $minion->job($id);

Get Minion::Job object without making any changes to the actual job or return undef if job does not exist.

# Check job state
my $state = $minion->job($id)->info->{state};

# Get job result
my $result = $minion->job($id)->info->{result};

new

my $minion = Minion->new(Pg => 'postgresql://postgres@/test');

Construct a new Minion object.

perform_jobs

$minion->perform_jobs;
$minion->perform_jobs({queues => ['important']});

Perform all jobs, very useful for testing.

These options are currently available:

queues
queues => ['important']

One or more queues to dequeue jobs from, defaults to default.

repair

$minion = $minion->repair;

Repair worker registry and job queue if necessary.

reset

$minion = $minion->reset;

Reset job queue.

stats

my $stats = $minion->stats;

Get statistics for jobs and workers.

# Check idle workers
my $idle = $minion->stats->{inactive_workers};

These fields are currently available:

active_jobs
active_jobs => 100

Number of jobs in active state.

active_workers
active_workers => 100

Number of workers that are currently processing a job.

failed_jobs
failed_jobs => 100

Number of jobs in failed state.

finished_jobs
finished_jobs => 100

Number of jobs in finished state.

inactive_jobs
inactive_jobs => 100

Number of jobs in inactive state.

inactive_workers
inactive_workers => 100

Number of workers that are currently not processing a job.

worker

my $worker = $minion->worker;

Build Minion::Worker object.

REFERENCE

This is the class hierarchy of the Minion distribution.

AUTHOR

Sebastian Riedel, sri@cpan.org.

CREDITS

In alphabetical order:

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (C) 2014-2016, Sebastian Riedel.

This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.

SEE ALSO

https://github.com/kraih/minion, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicious.org.