TABLE OF CONTENTS

NAME

Mojo::File - File system paths

SYNOPSIS

use Mojo::File;

# Portably deal with file system paths
my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/.vimrc');
say $path->slurp;
say $path->dirname;
say $path->basename;
say $path->sibling('.bashrc');

# Use the alternative constructor
use Mojo::File 'path';
my $path = path('/tmp/foo/bar')->make_path;
$path->child('test.txt')->spurt('Hello Mojo!');

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::File is a scalar-based container for file system paths that provides a friendly API for dealing with different operating systems.

# Access scalar directly to manipulate path
my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/test');
$$path .= '.txt';

FUNCTIONS

Mojo::File implements the following functions, which can be imported individually.

path

my $path = path;
my $path = path('/home/sri/.vimrc');
my $path = path('/home', 'sri', '.vimrc');
my $path = path(File::Temp->newdir);

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object, defaults to using the current working directory.

# "foo/bar/baz.txt" (on UNIX)
path('foo', 'bar', 'baz.txt');

tempdir

my $path = tempdir;
my $path = tempdir('tempXXXXX');

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object for a temporary directory with File::Temp.

# Longer version
my $path = path(File::Temp->newdir('tempXXXXX'));

tempfile

my $path = tempfile;
my $path = tempfile(DIR => '/tmp');

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object for a temporary file with File::Temp.

# Longer version
my $path = path(File::Temp->new(DIR => '/tmp'));

METHODS

Mojo::File implements the following methods.

basename

my $name = $path->basename;
my $name = $path->basename('.txt');

Return the last level of the path with File::Basename.

# ".vimrc" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->basename;

# "test" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/test.txt')->basename('.txt');

child

my $child = $path->child('.vimrc');

Return a new Mojo::File object relative to the path.

# "/home/sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
path('/home')->child('sri', '.vimrc');

copy_to

my $destination = $path->copy_to('/home/sri');
my $destination = $path->copy_to('/home/sri/.vimrc.backup');

Copy file with File::Copy and return the destination as a Mojo::File object.

dirname

my $name = $path->dirname;

Return all but the last level of the path with File::Basename as a Mojo::File object.

# "/home/sri" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->dirname;

is_abs

my $bool = $path->is_abs;

Check if the path is absolute.

# True (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->is_abs;

# False (on UNIX)
path('.vimrc')->is_abs;

list

my $collection = $path->list;
my $collection = $path->list({hidden => 1});

List all files in the directory and return a Mojo::Collection object containing the results as Mojo::File objects. The list does not include . and ...

# List files
say for path('/home/sri/myapp')->list->each;

These options are currently available:

dir
dir => 1

Include directories.

hidden
hidden => 1

Include hidden files.

list_tree

my $collection = $path->list_tree;
my $collection = $path->list_tree({hidden => 1});

List all files recursively in the directory and return a Mojo::Collection object containing the results as Mojo::File objects. The list does not include . and ...

# List all templates
say for path('/home/sri/myapp/templates')->list_tree->each;

These options are currently available:

dir
dir => 1

Include directories.

hidden
hidden => 1

Include hidden files and directories.

make_path

$path = $path->make_path;
$path = $path->make_path({mode => 0711});

Create the directories if they don't already exist, any additional arguments are passed through to File::Path.

move_to

my $destination = $path->move_to('/home/sri');
my $destination = $path->move_to('/home/sri/.vimrc.backup');

Move file with File::Copy and return the destination as a Mojo::File object.

new

my $path = Mojo::File->new;
my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/.vimrc');
my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home', 'sri', '.vimrc');
my $path = Mojo::File->new(File::Temp->new);
my $path = Mojo::File->new(File::Temp->newdir);

Construct a new Mojo::File object, defaults to using the current working directory.

# "foo/bar/baz.txt" (on UNIX)
Mojo::File->new('foo', 'bar', 'baz.txt');

open

my $handle = $path->open('+<');
my $handle = $path->open('r+');
my $handle = $path->open(O_RDWR);
my $handle = $path->open('<:encoding(UTF-8)');

Open file with IO::File.

# Combine "fcntl.h" constants
use Fcntl qw(O_CREAT O_EXCL O_RDWR);
my $handle = path('/home/sri/test.pl')->open(O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_EXCL);

realpath

my $realpath = $path->realpath;

Resolve the path with Cwd and return the result as a Mojo::File object.

remove_tree

$path = $path->remove_tree;
$path = $path->remove_tree({keep_root => 1});

Delete this directory and any files and subdirectories it may contain, any additional arguments are passed through to File::Path.

sibling

my $sibling = $path->sibling('.vimrc');

Return a new Mojo::File object relative to the directory part of the path.

# "/home/sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.bashrc')->sibling('.vimrc');

# "/home/sri/.ssh/known_hosts" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.bashrc')->sibling('.ssh', 'known_hosts');

slurp

my $bytes = $path->slurp;

Read all data at once from the file.

spurt

$path = $path->spurt($bytes);
$path = $path->spurt(@chunks_of_bytes);

Write all data at once to the file.

tap

$path = $path->tap(sub {...});

Alias for "tap" in Mojo::Base.

to_abs

my $absolute = $path->to_abs;

Return absolute path as a Mojo::File object, the path does not need to exist on the file system.

to_array

my $parts = $path->to_array;

Split the path on directory separators.

# "home:sri:.vimrc" (on UNIX)
join ':', @{path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->to_array};

to_rel

my $relative = $path->to_rel('/some/base/path');

Return a relative path from the original path to the destination path as a Mojo::File object.

# "sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->to_rel('/home');

to_string

my $str = $path->to_string;

Stringify the path.

OPERATORS

Mojo::File overloads the following operators.

array

my @parts = @$path;

Alias for "to_array".

bool

my $bool = !!$path;

Always true.

stringify

my $str = "$path";

Alias for "to_string".

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicious.org.