TABLE OF CONTENTS

NAME

locale - Perl pragma to use or avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations

SYNOPSIS

@x = sort @y;   # Unicode sorting order
{
    use locale;
    @x = sort @y;   # Locale-defined sorting order
}
@x = sort @y;   # Unicode sorting order again

DESCRIPTION

This pragma tells the compiler to enable (or disable) the use of POSIX locales for built-in operations (for example, LC_CTYPE for regular expressions, LC_COLLATE for string comparison, and LC_NUMERIC for number formatting). Each "use locale" or "no locale" affects statements to the end of the enclosing BLOCK.

Starting in Perl 5.16, a hybrid mode for this pragma is available,

use locale ':not_characters';

which enables only the portions of locales that don't affect the character set (that is, all except LC_COLLATE and LC_CTYPE). This is useful when mixing Unicode and locales, including UTF-8 locales.

use locale ':not_characters';
use open ":locale";           # Convert I/O to/from Unicode
use POSIX qw(locale_h);       # Import the LC_ALL constant
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");        # Required for the next statement
                              # to take effect
printf "%.2f\n", 12345.67'    # Locale-defined formatting
@x = sort @y;                 # Unicode-defined sorting order.
                              # (Note that you will get better
                              # results using Unicode::Collate.)

See perllocale for more detailed information on how Perl supports locales.

NOTE

If your system does not support locales, then loading this module will cause the program to die with a message:

"Your vendor does not support locales, you cannot use the locale
module."